Basic aquarium technique for beginners.

Aquariuming is not only decoration, feng shui but also many players, especially young people also feel excited and passionate. But not just for them to eat full is immediately there are colorful scenes. The basic aquarium guide below will help you know the most effective way to take care of your pet.

1. Aquarium water 

Pay attention to the water source for raising fish is the most important factor to keep in mind.

- Raising fish by tap water:  Most of the aquarium water is now tap water. Therefore, you need to treat chlorine before using it to raise fish. You leave tap water in brass, pots, sinks without lids for more than 24 hours, let the tap water evaporate chlorine. For higher efficiency and faster, you can place these water containers in a sunny place with plenty of sunlight and turn on an oxygen machine. In addition, you can also use the chlorine solution in tap water sold at pet stores. You drip about 5 drops for 20 liters of water, after 5 minutes can be used to feed the fish. However, you should limit the abuse, only apply when you need water urgently, or do not have time to store chlorinated water.

- Fish  well water : Well water usually has a low pH of 4.5, as well as a low oxygen content, even some areas with well water contaminated with alum, need to be treated more carefully. To treat well water, you store well water in tanks, combining powerful oxygen to increase oxygen content and increase pH. You can add crushed corals to the filter box to increase the pH.

+ Handling well water contaminated with alum: In addition to the above treatment, it is necessary to put activated carbon in the water tank. The average amount of coal accounts for 1/3 of the water tank volume.

- Raising ornamental fish with rain water: Cool rain water will stimulate fish to swim in the summer, but rainwater has a low pH, so it needs to be treated like well water and other factors. However, because rainwater makes the aquarium fast with moss, you should limit it.


Treating water before farming is the most important requirement

2. How to feed ornamental fish

It should be noted that feeding in sufficient doses, avoiding excess food will cloudy as well as pathogens. The fish have a habit of seeing that the bait is to eat, so many people think that the fish are still hungry so eating them will cause the fish to have stomach and die. So feed 2 times / day in the morning and afternoon. In addition to dry food, depending on the type of fish we should add fresh food such as fry, brooch, carp bait ...

3. Light, temperature and oxygen for the aquarium

-  Suitable temperature for ornamental fish from 26 to 28 degrees C. If a few degrees difference, the fish is still good. If you are in the South, you do not need to be too concerned about the temperature, if in the North and neighboring provinces have a cold climate, you need to consider using a thermometer to measure the temperature of the coalescing water. Use appropriate aquarium temperature heaters.

- Lighting for aquariums: The aquarium  should be placed in a cool place, away from direct sunlight because if the aquarium is in a dark, dark, airy place for long periods, it can make fish ill. Depending on the situation, it is possible to use small-capacity lights for the aquarium with a dosage of about a few hours per day (Turn on during the day under 8 hours and turn off at night for fish to rest). If the aquarium is outdoors, it should create shade, limit the impact from the sun, rain ...

- Need to turn on oxygen for aquarium regularly 24 / 24h, tanks over 60cm should buy more water filters, raising long-term experience, apply more advanced filtration methods such as processing boards, spill filter ...

Guide basic aquarium

You need to turn on the light and oxygen often for fish to regulate the temperature

4. Aquarium size

- Need to be large enough and airy, fish density is moderate. If the density of the fish will make the aquarium lack of oxygen, water quickly opaque and dirty

- The fish species have the habit of biting the other fin very seriously, they need to have separate farming mode accordingly

- Raising fish in glass tanks, glass pots will make the fish lack of oxygen, water becomes dirty quickly, so the fish die. So the glass pots only keep a few small fish species such as goby, betta ...

5. How to change aquarium water

With water treatment, you need to pay attention to:

- Do not suck the old water 100% and replace the new water, we should suck the old water from 30-50% and add new water slowly, so that the fish can adapt, limit the situation of fish sock water due to the difference pH and temperature ...

- Limiting the transfer of fish to another tank, if you want to move, you should balance pH and temperature accordingly so that the fish will not be socked or stressed due to changing habitat.

- Use a plastic siphon or manual plastic water pump available at the aquarium store and use this manual pump to suck up leftovers and debris from the bottom of the tank, then add new water.

Guide basic aquarium

You should regularly change the water according to the basic aquarium guide

6. Choose aquarium fish to keep together

If the community tank breeds fish, it is important to choose the gentle species that can be kept together. Avoid fish that have behaviors that bite off the fin. Some species of fish are quite gentle such as: gò ca gặc, zodiac fish…

7. How to release fish to the lake

In order to prevent the fish from getting sock of water leading to death, the newly bought fish need to soak the bag of fish in the tank for about 15 to 20 minutes. then open the top of the bag and draw 1 shift of water from the lake into the fish bag.

Then lower the mouth of the bag, open the mouth of the big bag, and slowly pull the bottom of the bag, letting the fish drift out of the bag. Absolutely do not pour immediately 1 time.

Guide basic aquarium

The release of fish into the lake should also be done sequentially

If you are new to the job, following the procedures above will partly help you avoid risks such as injury or death of fish. There is also a great deal of effort and passion on your part. Phuc Long ornamental fish - AZOO's official representative in Vietnam is a provider of healthy and beautiful fishes and will give you the most useful advice, so contact the store soon. Good luck!